Scimago Journal & Country Rank

Constructivist Foundations



Universities and research institutions in Belgium

Subject Area and Category


Vrije Universiteit Brussel

Vrije Universiteit Brussel in Scimago Institutions Rankings



Publication type








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Constructivist approaches support the idea that mental structures such as cognition and perception are actively built by one’s mind rather than passively acquired. However, constructivist approaches vary in function of how much influence they attribute to constructions. Many assume a dualistic relationship between reality and constructed elements. They maintain that constructed mental structures gradually adapt to the structures of the real world (e.g., Piaget). In this view perception is the pickup of information controlled by the mental structure that is constructed from earlier perceptions (e.g., Neisser). This leads to the claim that mental structures are about learning sensorimotor contingencies (e.g., O’Regan). Others seek to avoid the dualistic position. Either they skeptically reject that the structures of the real world can be compared with mental ones, independently of the senses through which the mental structures were constructed in the first place (e.g., von Glasersfeld), or they embrace a phenomenological perspective that considers perception as the grouping of experiential complexes (e.g., Mach). All these approaches emphasize the primacy of the cognitive system (e.g., Llinás) and its organizational closure (e.g., von Foerster, Maturana). Hence, perceived patterns and regularities may be regarded as invariants of inborn cognitive operators (e.g., Diettrich). Constructivist approaches can be said to differ also with respect to whether constructs are considered to populate the rational-linguistic (e.g., von Glasersfeld, Schmidt) or the biological-bodily (“enactivist/embodied” theories, e.g., Varela). Join the conversation about this journal

The set of journals have been ranked according to their SJR and divided into four equal groups, four quartiles. Q1 (green) comprises the quarter of the journals with the highest values, Q2 (yellow) the second highest values, Q3 (orange) the third highest values and Q4 (red) the lowest values.

Artificial Intelligence2019Q3
Cognitive Neuroscience2011Q4
Cognitive Neuroscience2012Q4
Cognitive Neuroscience2013Q4
Cognitive Neuroscience2014Q4
Cognitive Neuroscience2015Q4
Cognitive Neuroscience2016Q4
Cognitive Neuroscience2017Q4
Cognitive Neuroscience2018Q4
Cognitive Neuroscience2019Q4
History and Philosophy of Science2011Q3
History and Philosophy of Science2012Q3
History and Philosophy of Science2013Q4
History and Philosophy of Science2014Q3
History and Philosophy of Science2015Q2
History and Philosophy of Science2016Q2
History and Philosophy of Science2017Q3
History and Philosophy of Science2018Q2
History and Philosophy of Science2019Q1

The SJR is a size-independent prestige indicator that ranks journals by their 'average prestige per article'. It is based on the idea that 'all citations are not created equal'. SJR is a measure of scientific influence of journals that accounts for both the number of citations received by a journal and the importance or prestige of the journals where such citations come from It measures the scientific influence of the average article in a journal, it expresses how central to the global scientific discussion an average article of the journal is.

Citations per document

This indicator counts the number of citations received by documents from a journal and divides them by the total number of documents published in that journal. The chart shows the evolution of the average number of times documents published in a journal in the past two, three and four years have been cited in the current year. The two years line is equivalent to journal impact factor ™ (Thomson Reuters) metric.

Cites per documentYearValue
Cites / Doc. (4 years)20100.000
Cites / Doc. (4 years)20110.542
Cites / Doc. (4 years)20120.526
Cites / Doc. (4 years)20130.192
Cites / Doc. (4 years)20140.721
Cites / Doc. (4 years)20151.009
Cites / Doc. (4 years)20160.911
Cites / Doc. (4 years)20171.727
Cites / Doc. (4 years)20181.306
Cites / Doc. (4 years)20191.040
Cites / Doc. (3 years)20100.000
Cites / Doc. (3 years)20110.542
Cites / Doc. (3 years)20120.526
Cites / Doc. (3 years)20130.192
Cites / Doc. (3 years)20140.770
Cites / Doc. (3 years)20151.205
Cites / Doc. (3 years)20160.990
Cites / Doc. (3 years)20171.932
Cites / Doc. (3 years)20181.258
Cites / Doc. (3 years)20191.474
Cites / Doc. (2 years)20100.000
Cites / Doc. (2 years)20110.542
Cites / Doc. (2 years)20120.526
Cites / Doc. (2 years)20130.204
Cites / Doc. (2 years)20140.722
Cites / Doc. (2 years)20151.385
Cites / Doc. (2 years)20161.116
Cites / Doc. (2 years)20171.609
Cites / Doc. (2 years)20182.154
Cites / Doc. (2 years)20191.035
Total Cites 

Evolution of the total number of citations and journal's self-citations received by a journal's published documents during the three previous years.
Journal Self-citation is defined as the number of citation from a journal citing article to articles published by the same journal.

Self Cites20100
Self Cites20118
Self Cites201214
Self Cites20136
Self Cites201435
Self Cites201521
Self Cites201648
Self Cites201748
Self Cites201845
Self Cites201920
Total Cites20100
Total Cites201113
Total Cites201230
Total Cites201315
Total Cites201467
Total Cites201588
Total Cites2016101
Total Cites2017170
Total Cites2018112
Total Cites2019112
External Cites per Doc 
Cites per Doc

Evolution of the number of total citation per document and external citation per document (i.e. journal self-citations removed) received by a journal's published documents during the three previous years. External citations are calculated by subtracting the number of self-citations from the total number of citations received by the journal’s documents.

External Cites per document20100
External Cites per document20110.208
External Cites per document20120.281
External Cites per document20130.115
External Cites per document20140.368
External Cites per document20150.918
External Cites per document20160.520
External Cites per document20171.386
External Cites per document20180.753
External Cites per document20191.211
Cites per document20100.000
Cites per document20110.542
Cites per document20120.526
Cites per document20130.192
Cites per document20140.770
Cites per document20151.205
Cites per document20160.990
Cites per document20171.932
Cites per document20181.258
Cites per document20191.474
% International Collaboration

International Collaboration accounts for the articles that have been produced by researchers from several countries. The chart shows the ratio of a journal's documents signed by researchers from more than one country; that is including more than one country address.

YearInternational Collaboration
Citable documents 
Non-citable documents

Not every article in a journal is considered primary research and therefore "citable", this chart shows the ratio of a journal's articles including substantial research (research articles, conference papers and reviews) in three year windows vs. those documents other than research articles, reviews and conference papers.

Non-citable documents20100
Non-citable documents20112
Non-citable documents201220
Non-citable documents201340
Non-citable documents201473
Non-citable documents2015162
Non-citable documents2016213
Non-citable documents2017316
Non-citable documents2018304
Non-citable documents2019284
Citable documents20100
Citable documents201124
Citable documents201257
Citable documents201378
Citable documents201487
Citable documents201573
Citable documents2016102
Citable documents201788
Citable documents201889
Citable documents201976
Cited documents 
Uncited documents

Ratio of a journal's items, grouped in three years windows, that have been cited at least once vs. those not cited during the following year.

Uncited documents20100
Uncited documents201117
Uncited documents201258
Uncited documents2013107
Uncited documents2014118
Uncited documents2015189
Uncited documents2016265
Uncited documents2017318
Uncited documents2018329
Uncited documents2019302
Cited documents20100
Cited documents20119
Cited documents201219
Cited documents201311
Cited documents201442
Cited documents201546
Cited documents201650
Cited documents201786
Cited documents201864
Cited documents201958
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